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The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Practice and Theory of Bolshevism by Bertrand Russell This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net Title: The Practice and Theory of Bolshevism Author: Bertrand Russell Release Date: December 19, 2005 [EBook #17350] Language: English Character set encoding: ASCII *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK BOLSHEVISM *** Produced by Thierry Alberto, Jeannie Howse and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net +---------------------------------------------------------+ | | | Transcriber's Note: | | A number of obvious typographical errors have been | | corrected in this text. For a complete list, please | | see the bottom of this document. | | Corrections listed in the existing Errata at the | | end of this book have been applied to the text. | | | +---------------------------------------------------------+ The Practice and Theory of Bolshevism Bertrand Russell LONDON: GEORGE ALLEN & UNWIN LTD. RUSKIN HOUSE, 40 MUSEUM STREET, W.C. 1 _First published November 1920_ _Reprinted February 1921_ (_All rights reserved_) PREFACE The Russian Revolution is one of the great heroic events of the world's history. It is natural to compare it to the French Revolution, but it is in fact something of even more importance. It does more to change daily life and the structure of society: it also does more to change men's beliefs. The difference is exemplified by the difference between Marx and Rousseau: the latter sentimental and soft, appealing to emotion, obliterating sharp outlines; the former systematic like Hegel, full of hard intellectual content, appealing to historic necessity and the technical development of industry, suggesting a view of human beings as puppets in the grip of omnipotent material forces. Bolshevism combines the characteristics of the French Revolution with those of the rise of Islam; and the result is something radically new
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