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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Little Masterpieces of Science:, by Various This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org Title: Little Masterpieces of Science: Invention and Discovery Author: Various Editor: George Iles Release Date: June 25, 2009 [EBook #29241] Language: English Character set encoding: ASCII *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK LITTLE MASTERPIECES OF SCIENCE: *** Produced by Sigal Alon, Marcia Brooks, Fox in the Stars and the Online Distributed Proofreading Team at http://www.pgdp.net LITTLE MASTERPIECES OF SCIENCE [Illustration: George Stephenson.] Little Masterpieces of Science Edited by George Iles INVENTION AND DISCOVERY _By_ Benjamin Franklin Alexander Graham Bell Michael Faraday Count Rumford Joseph Henry George Stephenson [Illustration] NEW YORK DOUBLEDAY, PAGE & COMPANY 1902 Copyright, 1902, by Doubleday, Page & Co. Copyright, 1877, by George B. Prescott Copyright, 1896, by S. S. McClure Co. Copyright, 1900, by Doubleday, McClure & Co. PREFACE To a good many of us the inventor is the true hero for he multiplies the working value of life. He performs an old task with new economy, as when he devises a mowing-machine to oust the scythe; or he creates a service wholly new, as when he bids a landscape depict itself on a photographic plate. He, and his twin brother, the discoverer, have eyes to read a lesson that Nature has held for ages under the undiscerning gaze of other men. Where an ordinary observer sees, or thinks he sees, diversity, a Franklin detects identity, as in the famous experiment here recounted which proves lightning to be one and the same with a charge of the Leyden jar. Of a later day than Franklin, advantaged therefor by new knowledge and better opportunities for experiment, stood Faraday, the founder of modern electric art. His work gave the world the dynamo and motor, the transmission of giant powers, almost without toll, for two hundred miles at a bound. It is, however, in the carriage of but trifling quantities of motion, just enough for signals, that electricity thus far has done its most telling work. Among the men who have created t
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